My Favorite Candlestick Pattern

There are plenty of free charting tools out there, and your brokerage platform should include these tools. The course will keep updating frequently with more up-to-date learning resources. I’m going to explain different types of candles with examples below. To help avoid this, consider allowing multiple candles to create an engulfing pattern. The shadows can vary in length. The next day gaps higher and makes a strong upward move, confirming the reversal. It’s interesting to note that this candle looks an awful lot like a shooting star.

Like everything to do with day trading, you can’t cheat success.

Price action drove the price up but it met selling pressure. The first candle is a large bullish candle with high traded volume (i. )The original Japanese names of candlestick patterns were largely retained when transferring this knowledge, although there are some rough translations that are commonly used to make the patterns more identifiable. Each candle conveys several pieces of information critical to the understanding of the evolving market dynamic. What if I told you I had a trading tool that gives you the following information: (Support and resistance, Fibonacci Retracement, RSI, Moving Averages, Top-down analysis etc.) Even though the pattern shows us that the price is falling for three straight days, a new low is not seen, and the bull traders prepare for the next move up.

  • All in all, these four candlestick patterns, when identified correctly, can be extremely useful for investors.
  • A hanging man candlestick looks identical to a hammer candlestick but forms at the peak of an uptrend, rather than a bottom of a downtrend.
  • While many traders were speculating on the price of rice, Munehisa considered market psychology when making trade decisions.
  • Bullish candlestick patterns have an upward trend.
  • Before you start trading, it’s important to familiarise yourself with the basics of candlestick patterns and how they can inform your decisions.

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This graphic representation was a series of columns that looked like candlesticks, hence the name. The reality is as bearish and switching to intraday charts to seek a bearish reversal price pattern. For example, a doji pattern may suggest indecision during a given session, but if it occurs after a huge move higher, it’s likely that the indecision could lead to a reversal given the prior trend. Since the doji is typically a reversal candle, the direction of the preceding candles can give an early indication of which way the reversal will go.

Candlesticks allow you to be more precise with your entries and exits as well. A bearish harami cross occurs in an uptrend, where an up candle is followed by a doji—the session where the candlestick has a virtually equal open and close. The information above is for informational and entertainment purposes only and does not constitute trading advice or a solicitation to buy or sell any stock, option, future, commodity, or forex product. The result is that the move often continues in the direction of the second candle. This one is technically part of the family of bearish candlestick patterns, but, it usually indicates a corrective reversal within an uptrend, therefore it is hard to trade but can be used more as an indication the the trend is set to continue. As a result, the Hanging Man candle pattern is used by traders to open short trades.

The resulting candlestick looks like a square lollipop with a long stick. This may imply a bullish reversal. Candlestick patterns may also work differently depending on the security or market that you’re analyzing. The evening and morning star candlestick patterns occur at the end of upwards/downward trends respectively and tend to indicate reversal patterns. Usually, the longer the time frame the more reliable the signals.

Inverted Hammer Candlestick Pattern

This is very important because it’s common to see a candlestick that has the main body equal in length to the shadow/wick. The bottom shadow gives the low for the period. A single-candle formation, the doji is a signal of consolidation and pending breakout. The following 15-minute chart of the S&P 500 exchange traded fund (SPY) is of the 2-day period comprising the Bullish Engulfing Pattern example on the prior page: The best Doji, in this case, would be a Dragonfly Doji.

You will find out about candlestick patterns.

Short Body Candles.

A bullish engulfing candlestick formation represents that bulls are in full control of bears. Put simply, less retracement is proof the primary trend is robust and probably going to continue. The hourly candlestick chart may provide valuable insights into the market sentiment at a given point in time. I ain't waitin' for no stinkin' confirmation! There is usually a significant gap down between the first candlestick’s closing price, and the green candlestick’s opening. The preceding green candle keeps unassuming buyers optimism, as it should be trading near the top of an up trend. You just use the 50% line, it doesn’t have to be exact to the decimal, but just eyeball the chart, determine where the half of the green candle is by eyeballing, doing it manually, just find the middle of the big green candle, if it reverses above or below that 50% line.


It is a very short candlestick with, often, very long shadows. Both upward and downward movements are more prominent when evaluating them over a long period of time, depending on if your day or swing trading. A candlestick that gaps away from the previous candlestick is said to be in star position. For today, we’ll focus on the hammer doji, which is a type of dragonfly. The pinbar is characterized by a long wick to one side and the body of the candle on the opposite side.

Neither bullish nor bearish when considered alone. So staying on course of the plan is extremely crucial. This pattern typically indicates a potential reversal of traders sentiment.

You can also set up real-time alerts that fire off a SMS or e-mail when a candlestick pattern appears or when a series of conditions are met. If you read and apply these candlesticks as part of your technical analysis, then it can reform and create positive results in your trading. The idea and the principle of the strong up move, weak down move and strong up move can be used in sideways channels as well. For example, let’s say you like to use moving averages. Red/Black candles occur when the price closed lower than the prior close. This suggests a short term reversal.

Look, You Reached The End!

Many charting platforms recognize candles and can screen stocks to pull up candidates for a trade. Before we proceed, let us lay down the three important rules pertaining to candlesticks. On the other end.

  • Classically, the entry points for traders is positioned above or below the high or low of the mother bar depending on the direction of the trade.
  • The lower chart uses colored bars, while the upper uses colored candlesticks.
  • Are you ready?
  • The second candle of the Tweezer Bottom pattern should have a lower shadow that starts from the bottom of the previous shadow.

2 – The Marubozu

There is both a bearish and bullish engulfing pattern. The hammer is a bullish reversal candlestick. These are easy to spot on a candlestick chart but an important factor to trading these reversals is the volume. Candlesticks are also great at showing reversals by showing a long wick either on the top or bottom of the candle. The battle between buyers and sellers was hard fought but somebody came out ahead.

We'll give you concrete examples of how you can hedge different options strategies. If you liked reading about candlestick patterns and want to learn more about technical analysis, why not check out our guide to day trading strategies! The only difference being that the upper wick is long, while the lower wick is short.

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I'll let you figure out what is happening in each of the patterns above to cause these to be considered bearish. The volume should be higher on the up moves than the down moves. This doesn’t occur often but is a powerful signal when it does appear. Each should open within the previous body and the close should be near the high of the day. I have found the application of other technical strategies is a very productive way to remember these candlestick patterns. 3 best trading documentaries 2019, looking at the program they offer and the fact they pay a salary as part of a multi-year contract, I would classify them as completely legitimate and probably one of the better choices out there right now. Yes, but this is not the only Doji candle pattern known in Forex trading.

A bullish engulfing candlestick is a large bodied green candle that completely engulfs the full range of the preceding red candle. Even though the rule states; the main body of the large Bearish candle should only engulf the main body of the previous bullish, a stronger sign would be if it engulfs the entire candle including the shadows/wicks. Heikin-Ashi (平均足, Japanese for 'average bar') candlesticks are a weighted version of candlesticks calculated with the following formula: It shows that during the period (whether 1 minute, 5 minute or daily candlesticks) that price opened then rallied quite a distance, but then fell to close near (above or below) the open. The lower the second candle goes, the more significant the trend is likely to be. This candle is a strong indication that the trend is reversing. The open or close are not necessarily the high or low price points of the period though.

But you can also confirm patterns by looking at a chart with a longer time frame. In respect to the above example it means that price has corrected to an extreme, and at that extreme buyers stepped in. The doji is a reversal pattern that can be either bullish or bearish depending on the context of the preceding candles. The pattern shows traders that, despite some selling pressure, buyers are retaining control of the market. This is my all time favorite candlestick pattern. Most traders that see a hammer emerge will add the security to a watchlist and wait for a confirmation to emerge before placing a directional trade.

What Are Candlestick Patterns?

A traditional hammer candle looks like a hammer (right?) This is a bearish pattern that happens over 3 daily candles. The shadow is an example of higher prices being resisted. This means the risk averse buyer can buy the stock only around the close of the day. The rule of application is the same as a piercing pattern but in opposite trends.

If the price of a stock rises for the first three minutes of a five-minute candle, but then settles back just above where it opened, a shadow remains above the body. The engulfing pattern forms when there is a candle that is totally engulfed by the next candle. The illustration above shows the pattern with a long-legged Doji with a Long Bearish candle that Engulfs the 1st bullish candlestick in the pattern. I have a few key tips for you: The illustration in the above EURUSD chart shows the pattern with a dragonfly Doji proceeded by a Long Bullish candle that Engulfs the initial 1st Bearish candlestick in the pattern. So why unconfirmed? The technique was brought to the Western world by Steve Nison in his book, Japanese Candlestick Charting Techniques.

It indicates the strong interest in buying.

Marubozu Pattern

Some traders will take trading signals from specific types of candlesticks, others look for sequences of candlesticks to give them a signal. The names come from the star shaped formation of the arrangement. If the candles are short, it can be concluded that the trading action was subdued. I included this chart because you can see it was in play back in December of 2019. Will your investment portfolio grow much faster in the next 12 months after mastering how to trade these candlestick patterns. A continuation pattern with a long white body followed by another white body that has gapped above the first one.

I am assuming you all know about Candles. It comprises two candlesticks: No or very short upper and lower shadow. For instance, a reversal candle won’t be as effective if it isn’t at a major support/resistance level and volume is light. A candlestick shows you the opening, closing, high, and low prices for the specific time frame.

An uptrend is defined by higher-swinging highs and higher-swinging lows in price. Candlesticks tell the story of the battle between buyers and sellers. That said, let’s take a look at candlestick charts in this day trading for dummies series. So as you can imagine, the trading signal is generated based on 1 day’s trading action. In trading, the trend of the candlestick chart is critical and often shown with colors. Dojis also tend to have pronounced shadows, either upper or lower or both. The longer the nose and tail on the candle the bigger the battle between buyers and sellers. They are reversal candles.


Waiting for a pullback means you're getting advantageous pricing for the next wave of the trend when—and if—it unfolds. I explained here how to lose your fear of wicks: Since this effort only leads to random results, these traders just lose a bunch of money and go look for something else, or they stop recognizing the patterns altogether. Price attempted a new high and was sharply rejected to the downside, sparking a fresh three month downtrend. But unfortunately this is also a part of the game and one cannot really help it. It contains all the sketches shown above.

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The high and low prices for the period may be indicated by thin lines that look like wicks of the candle and that extend beyond the real body. The top and bottom edges of the box in the candlestick chart show the initial value and the final value, with the color of the box showing whether the initial value is higher or lower than the final value. The short-sell trigger forms when the next candlestick exceeds the low of the bullish engulfing candlestick. Want to take a course that teaches you all the common candlestick patterns, shows you the backtesting for each pattern, and then puts it all together into a complete trading system?

The sellers are still in control of this stock.
  • The main body of the candlestick is at the upper end of the trading range i.
  • As it was testing lower prices, the drop was sharply rejected to the upside, forming the bullish engulfing pattern.
  • Bullish engulfing The bullish engulfing pattern is formed of two candlesticks.
  • The price tested this resistance area multiple times, finally it broke above it, but within the same bar (one hour) the price collapsed back.
  • A candlestick is a way of displaying information about an asset’s price movement.

Reading A Single Candlestick

It indicates a buying pressure, followed by a selling pressure that was not strong enough to drive the market price down. Candlesticks can also give clues to price action and the mood of the market towards a certain stock or index. However, the truth hits when the next candle closes under the hanging man as selling accelerates. It is composed of a black candlestick followed by a short candlestick, which characteristically gaps down to form a Star.

Top 5 Candlestick Patterns

The only difference is that the second day closes higher, which stops the engulfing of the white body by the preceding black body. When changing time frames add this; the doji’s size and analysis is relative to other doji’s and candles in that time frame. This in essence, traps the late buyers who chased the price too high. If an engulfing candle signal is potentially imminent, plan where you'll place your stop and then quickly calculate what your minimum target price for the trade is. Let’s Get started…. No pattern works all the time, as candlestick patterns represent tendencies in price movement, not guarantees. We looked at it in the previous chapter; I’ve reproduced the same for quick reference:

It is a single candlestick pattern that has a long lower shadow and a small body at or very near the top of its daily trading range. Future of binary options, nevertheless, the risk of losing all your money is identical with both the forex and options! And don’t forget to subscribe to my channel, there are new videos twice a week. Before I get into my favorite candlestick pattern, I want to first mention that I am in the process of writing a book about forex trading for Wiley & Sons. Most bearish reversal candles will form on shooting stars and doji candlesticks.

4 Tips For Candlestick Patterns Trading

The opposite is true for a black bar. Bearish engulfing A bearish engulfing pattern occurs at the end of an uptrend. He tracked the opening and closing price along with the high and low of the day and placed them on a chart. Often this type of candle can be the signal for a sustained upward move or trend change.